What is Hypertension?

Hypertension, (high blood pressure) is when your blood pressure is regularly higher than recommended healthy levels.

Most people do not realise they have it because it does not cause any obvious symptoms. But it’s one of the biggest risk factors for heart disease and stroke.

What is blood pressure?

It is a measure of the pressure created in arteries as the heart pumps blood around the body. It fluctuates throughout the day, due to emotional states and physical activity levels at any one particular time. A problem develops when the blood pressure readings stay too high over an extended period of time. This is hypertension; meaning ‘over pressure’.

Vector diagram explaining hypertension

Hypertension - High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is sometimes called the ‘silent killer’ and it accounts for  up to 25% of all deaths worldwide.  Records show that it affects about 33%

people worldwide. That’s about 18 million people in the UK!

In 90% of cases of hypertension medical practitioners are unable to find a physical cause, so by that reasoning it must be psychological in origin, ( am not entirely sure about that).

About your blood pressure reading

Everybody need a minimum level of pressure to pump the blood around your body.

Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) and is written as two numbers, for example, 120/80 mmHg. This is said as ‘120 over 80’.

  • The first number is the systolic The pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and pushes blood through the body.
  • The second number is the diastolic blood pressure. The pressure in the arteries when the heart is in-between

There is no such thing as a worldwide ‘typical or normal’ blood pressure reading. However; one has been set at 115/75 mmHg. The one for high blood pressure is  140/90 or higher over a period of weeks.


If you had a reading of 160/100 mmHg it will have a significant impact on your health and requires remedial action ASAP to lower it. This hypertension at the top end. However, there are other factors that may be taken into account and treatment can vary from one person to another.

If you had a reading of 160/100 mmHg it will have a significant impact on your health and requires remedial action ASAP to lower it. This hypertension at the top end. However, there are other factors that may be taken into account and treatment can vary from one person to another.


Classification of blood pressure for adults
Category systolic, mm Hg diastolic, mm Hg
Normal 90–119 60–79
High normal
120–139 80–89
Stage 1 hypertension 140–159 90–99
Stage 2 hypertension 160–179 100–109
Stage 3 hypertension
Hypertensive emergency
≥180 ≥110
Isolated systolic hypertension ≥140 <90

So what causes Hypertension?

The most common risk factors which can cause high blood pressure are:

The health of your heart, arteries and kidneys

Woman having a pain in the heart area isolated in white red circle around painful area

Woman having a pain in the heart – possible heart attack due to Hypertension

Around 5-10% of cases of high blood pressure are caused by an underlying medical condition, such as diabetes, kidney disease or a hormonal disorder. High blood pressure caused by identifiable diseases are known as Secondary Hypertension and, although rare, they require medical treatment – which is why your Hypnotension Practitioner will only work with you in conjunction with the primary medical care of your GP.

Secondary hypertension can also be caused by a reaction to various household medications. Here are 5 hidden high blood pressure dangers in the home.

Your emotional ‘stress’ levels

Whenever we feel threatened, the survival response kicks in and our bodies flood with stress hormones which get us ready to ‘fight’ or ‘flee’ from the threat.

Unfortunately, the stresses of modern living can’t easily be fought or escaped. This tends to leave us in a constant state of emotional ‘red alert’ – and ongoing high levels of stress hormones causes high blood pressure.

Studies on working men and women in the USA, for example, found that those with most responsibility for running the home had significantly higher blood pressure than those who left it to their partner.

Stress can be caused by many things, and not everyone reacts to the same triggers, so it’s important to discover your own triggers and take steps to reduce them.

How much salt you eat?

Salt is essential for the health of our bodies. Unfortunately, most of us eat so much that it puts us at risk of stroke, high blood pressure, and heart disease. That’s because salt causes the bloodstream to hold more water than necessary, increasing the volume and pressure of blood, which puts excessive strain on your body.

Generally a measurable risk is seen when we consume more than 2g of salt per day. Compare that to the current UK guideline of 6g salt per day! (THIS IS BEING CHALLENGED BY NEW RESEARCH)

How much exercise you do?

Exercise not only helps maintain healthy blood vessels for good circulation in the body and brain, it also eats up blood sugars, lowering the risk of diabetes.

Most importantly, exercise can mop up and decrease the amount of ‘stress hormones’ in the body. Y

How much alcohol you drink?

Many people use alcohol as a way to relax and unwind, but it has a strong effect on blood pressure, and studies have found high blood pressure reduces by around 1 mm for each unit-per-day decrease in alcohol consumption.

How overweight you are?

Over two thirds of men and over half of women in the UK and USA are overweight or obese, which means a body mass index over 25. Weight has a significant effect on high blood pressure. Studies show that for every Kg (2.2lbs) extra weight we carry, our blood pressure is around 1mmHg higher.

Reduce your High Blood Pressure

As you can see, the programme effectively targets 5 out of the 6 main risk factors which cause high blood pressure. It is known that if you reduce these risk factors that it is highly likely that you will not only reduce your high blood pressure but also improve your overall health dramatically.

Flourish Programme or Flourish Coaching Sessions

Most people can work through their problems in 3-4 hours of Flourish sessions

If we need to work on weight loss, smoking, drinking and exercise we will probably need more sessions.